By Joseph Jones
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Joseph Jones's examine specializes in the interval on account that global struggle I. In those years the steadiness of the delivery global was once shaken via the impact of vehicle festival upon the railways' close to monopoly. A republican culture in line with worry of monopoloy and security of neighborhood amenities had emerged within the period while rail used to be king.
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Additional resources for The Politics of Transport in Twentieth-Century France
88 By coming down firmly on the side of the opponents of railway expansion into road services, the ministry was saying, in effect, that the solution lay elsewhere than in the unfettered operation of market forces, which might have led to the creation of a transport conglomerate dominated by the railway corporations. FIGURE 4 The Financial Situation of the Railways, 1930-9 Sources: La France economique, 1930-8; SNCF, Statistics Department. ) 36 The Politics of Transport in France Even if the administration had not done all in its power to check the expansionist tendencies of the companies, the strategy would have failed because the onset of economic depression changed the nature of the problem.
The most interesting experiment involved the Grand Central com- 14 The Politics of Transport in France pany, which attempted to correct the pro-Par is orientation of the grands reseaux by building a series of east-west " transversale" lines from Clermont-Ferrand to Montauban, Limoges to Agen, and Bordeaux to Lyon. The drive for these lines came from businessmen in Limoges and Lyon, and from state officials convinced of the existence of rich coal deposits in the Massif Central. The Pereire brothers' Credit Mobilier bank and British financial circles backed the venture, hoping thereby to broaden AngloFrench commercial relations.
12 Early goods' transport also posed little threat to the railways. The first users of vans and trucks were the Parisian food chains and department stores, such as Felix Potin, which bought a DionBouton truck in November 1902 for deliveries in the city and the suburbs. Within a decade, Au Printemps, Bon Marche, Galeries Lafayette, Librairies Larousse, and many others had followed suit. In the case of Bon Marche, only a few trucks were used, and these, decked out in the colours of the firm, functioned partly as a 23 The Rise of the Automobile means of advertising.