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Human sectional anatomy : atlas of body sections, CT and MRI by Harold Ellis

By Harold Ellis

First released in 1991, Human Sectional Anatomy set new criteria for the standard of cadaver sections and accompanying radiological photographs. Now in its 3rd variation, this unsurpassed caliber is still and is additional greater through a few beneficial new material.

As with the former versions, the wonderful full-colour cadaver sections are in comparison with CT and MRI photographs, with accompanying, labelled line diagrams. a number of the radiological photos were changed with new examples, taken at the so much up-to date gear to make sure very good visualisation of the anatomy. thoroughly new web page spreads were additional to enhance the book's assurance, together with photos taken utilizing multidetector CT expertise, and a few appealing 3D quantity rendered CT pictures. The photographic fabric is more suitable through worthy notes, prolonged for the 3rd variation, with information of vital anatomical and radiological good points.

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Extra info for Human sectional anatomy : atlas of body sections, CT and MRI images

Sample text

The sphenoidal sinus (21) is unusually large in this specimen. It is divided by a median septum (22) and drains anteriorly into the nasal cavity at the sphenoethmoidal recess. Note the relations of the labyrinthine artery (40), a branch of the basilar artery (37), the facial nerve (41) and the vestibulocochlear (or auditory) nerve (42) as they enter the internal auditory meatus of the temporal bone together with the close relationships of the trigeminal nerve (V) (39) and the cerebellum (35). As an acoustic neuroma of the vestibulocochlear nerve enlarges, it stretches the adjacent cranial nerves V and VII anteriorly and also presses on the cerebellum and brain stem to produce the cerebello-pontine angle syndrome.

It subserves taste sensation to the anterior two-thirds of the tongue and supplies secretomotor fibres to the submandibular and sublingual salivary glands. The tonsil of the cerebellum (30), on the inferior aspect of the cerebellar hemisphere, lies immediately above the foramen magnum. Withdrawal of cerebrospinal fluid at lumbar puncture in a patient with raised intracranial pressure is dangerous as it may result in potentially lethal herniation of the tonsils through this bony ring. View ➜ Orientation Anterior Right Left Posterior 1 8 3 5 2 16 21 28 15 47 45 29 9 11 46 25 30 Axial magnetic resonance image (MRI) 37 HEAD Axial section 14 – Male 1 6 2 5 3 7 8 4 50 52 11 51 42 48 47 18 49 43 46 40 44 45 39 38 10 16 37 36 35 18 32 13 17 20 19 21 33 31 12 14 15 41 9 34 22 30 29 28 27 23 26 24 25 38 1 Cartilage of nasal septum 2 Facial vein 3 Inferior nasal concha 4 Horizontal plate of palatine bone 5 Maxillary sinus 6 Levator labii superioris 7 Zygomaticus major 8 Maxilla 9 Buccal pad of fat 10 Lateral pterygoid 11 Medial pterygoid 12 Temporalis 13 Masseter 14 Ramus of mandible 15 Lingual nerve (Viii) 16 Inferior alveolar artery vein and nerve (Viii) 17 Maxillary artery 18 Styloid process 19 External carotid artery 20 Retromandibular vein 21 Posterior belly of digastric 22 Anastomotic vertebral vein 23 Sternocleidomastoid 24 Splenius capitis 25 Trapezius 26 Semispinalis capitis 27 Rectus capitis posterior major 28 Ligamentum nuchae 29 Posterior atlantooccipital membrane 30 Posterior arch of atlas 31 Spinal root of accessory nerve (XI) 32 Spinal cord within dural sheath 33 Spinal dura mater 34 Vertebral artery 35 Atlanto-occipital joint 36 Condyle of occipital bone 37 Alar ligament 38 Transverse ligament of atlas (first cervical vertebra) 39 Dens of axis (odontoid process of second cervical vertebra) 40 Anterior arch of atlas (first cervical vertebra) 41 Longus capitis 42 Nasopharynx 43 Internal carotid artery 44 Glossopharyngeal nerve (IX) and vagus nerve (X) 45 Sympathetic chain 46 Internal jugular vein 47 Parotid gland 48 Stylopharyngeus 49 Accessory nerve (XI) 50 Pterygoid venous plexus 51 Tensor veli palatini 52 Soft palate 53 Pharyngeal recess 54 Parapharyngeal space Axial section 14 ➜ Section level HEAD ➜ Notes This section traverses the nasal cavity through its inferior meatus below the inferior concha (3), the hard palate at the horizontal plate of the palatine bone (4) and the tip of the dens of the axis, the second cervical vertebra (39).

The structure of the orbit in horizontal section can be appreciated in this section. The eyeball with its cornea (9), lens (10) and vitreous humour (11) contained within the tough sclera (40), and the optic nerve (16) lie surrounded by the extrinsic muscles (15, 17). The slit-like nasolacrimal duct (3) drains downwards into the inferior meatus. The fourth ventricle (32) lies above the tegmentum of the pons (35) and below the vermis of the cerebellum (31). The ethmoidal air cells, or sinuses (6), are made up of some eight to ten loculi suspended from the outer extremity of the cribriform plate of the ethmoid bone and bounded laterally by its orbital plate.

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