By Kullervo Kuusela
This quantity offers an in depth account of the rise in woodland assets in Europe during the last 40 years. the writer discusses the consequences of this growth for the long run overall healthiness and power of the forests and for the industrial viability and environmental sustainability of the source. He advocates a rise in thinnings and regeneration cuttings, exchanging presently volatile tree species with real climatic climax species, and shortening rotation a while. the writer concludes that holding the sustainability and biodiversity of Europe's wooded area ecosystems should be accomplished through retaining the genetic range, density, age and health and wellbeing balance of forests, retaining biotopes of endangered species, and developing cultural biotopes and strictly safe usual reserves.
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Additional resources for Forest Resources in Europe 1950–1990
M 3 Alpic mill. m3 40 T \ 1—I—\—I—\ 1981 Fig. m3 Mediterranean M. mill. m3 Mediterranean W. 1981 1986 29 1991 mill. m3 Mediterranean E. 1981 1986 mill. m3 Europe 400 T 25-I 1991 300- 20 200 15 10 100 5 0 1981 1986 1991 1981 1986 1991 : Coniferous pulpwood, pitprops and other industrial roundwood Coniferous sawlogs ; Broadleaved pulpwood, pitprops and other industrial roundwood Broadleaved sawlogs Coniferous and broadleaved fuelwood Fig. 7 Continued 30 Wood resources and harvests by country croups The trend of removals in Europe during the 1980s was a steady although relatively small increase.
M3/ha % % % % % % % % Europe m3/ha % 36 Wood resources and harvests by country croups 1950 2 4 1960 6 2 4 6 Potential Potential 1970 1980 10 -I I 6o o •C 4- At S-At Q) 2- ME MM / n • 2 4 10 6 2 Potential 1990 N 10- -o •o / / 6- 100 MW / ^ / • H / • / N 4- o> 2n •/ / S-At At P • MM *ME , 2 , 4 , 6 Potential Fig. 11 — • • — 1970 1980 1990 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 1980 1990 Mediterranean W. 87 1970 1980 1990 nm3/ha Mediterranean E. 4 4 2 0 1950 Fig. 92 1960 1970 1980 1990 2 0 1950 1960 1970 Recorded gross annual increment, 1950-1990, with respect to climatic potential, by country groups 38 Wood resources and harvests by country croups For the whole of Europe, recorded increment as a proportion of the potential has developed from 55% to 86% during the period 1950-1990.
15 Continued Country or country Other private Total group 1000 ha % Finland Norway Sweden Denmark Germany W. Germany E. Poland Czechoslovakia Ireland United Kingdom Netherlands Belgium Luxembourg France Austria Switzerland Hungary Romania Portugal Spain Italy Yugoslavia Albania Bulgaria Greece Turkey Cyprus Israel 13084 6959 11686 339 3460 894 1471 482 62 1261 175 347 46 9544 3174 364 9 65 80 48 73 46 30 17 11 16 57 52 56 55 73 82 32 1 2307 4788 4052 2626 84 57 60 31 567 44 13 2 Northern Central Atlantic Sub-Atlantic Alpic Pannonic Mediterranean W.