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This ebook experiences the hot growth made within the prevention, analysis, and therapy of esophageal melanoma. Epidemiology, molecular biology, pathology, staging, and diagnosis are first mentioned. The radiologic overview of esophageal melanoma and the function of endoscopy in analysis, staging, and administration are then defined. the foundations of surgical resection, radiation treatment, and systemic chemotherapy for esophageal melanoma are defined, and specific awareness is paid to the multidisciplinary administration of early-stage cervical, thoracic, distal, and junctional tumors. up to date details can be supplied at the remedy of metastatic and recurrent sickness and on methods which could impact destiny care, equivalent to chemoprevention. Esophageal melanoma continues to be one of many least studied cancers even though it bills for greater than 400,000 deaths around the globe every year. nearly all of esophageal cancers around the world are squamous mobile carcinomas, but long ago few many years significant epidemiologic adjustments have happened affecting the occurrence of adenocarcinomas in Western international locations. regardless of the advances in surgical and non-surgical remedies, total survival has now not replaced considerably. it truly is was hoping that Esophageal melanoma: Prevention, analysis and treatment will support experts from a number of disciplines, together with surgical procedure, radiation treatment, gastroenterology, and scientific oncology, in providing optimum, up to date care to the advantage of patients.
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Extra resources for Esophageal Cancer: Prevention, Diagnosis and Therapy
28. Narang B, Cox MR, Eslick GD. Meat consumption and risk of developing esophageal cancer: a meta-analysis. Am J Cancer Epidemiol Prev. 2013;1:36–54. 29. Li B, Jiang G, Zhang G, et al. Intake of vegetables and fruit and risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma: a meta-analysis of observational studies. Eur J Nutr. 2014;53(7):1511–21. 30. Tio M, Andrici J, Cox MR, et al. Folate intake and the risk of upper gastrointestinal cancers: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014;29(2):250–8.
38. Freedman ND, Abnet CC, Leitzmann MF, et al. A prospective study of tobacco, alcohol, and the risk of esophageal and gastric cancer subtypes. Am J Epidemiol. 2007;165(12):1424–33. 39. Prabhu A, Obi KO, Rubenstein JH. The synergistic effects of alcohol and tobacco consumption on the risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: a meta-analysis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2014;109(6):822–7. 40. Morita M, Kumashiro R, Kubo N, et al. Alcohol drinking, cigarette smoking, and the development of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus: epidemiology, clinical findings, and prevention.
D. 98). 00). Tooth Loss and Oral Hygiene There is a dearth of data on the relationship between oral hygiene/tooth loss and esophageal cancer. 62) . 03). The adjusted data suggest that the greatest risk is associated with an increased number of decayed, missing, or filled teeth. There have been a couple of other studies which have focused on tooth loss in relation to risk of developing esophageal cancer. 6) . 70) . 97). These results were not significantly changed when the analysis was restricted to never smokers.