By Edmonds, Carl
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Additional resources for Diving and Subaquatic Medicine, Fourth edition
Also many animals, when not diving, have a raised metabolic rate to produce heat. J. R. (1997) Physiology of diving birds and mammals. Physiological Reviews 77(30), 837-99. Eisner, R. and Gooden, B. (1983) Diving and Asphyxia: A Comparative Study of Animals and Man. Cambridge University Press. A. (1994) Mechanism of the human diving response. Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science 29 (I), 6-16. V. (1978) The Physiology of Diving in Man and Other Animals. E. Arnold. L. (1989) Diverse Divers; Physiology and Behavior.
The result is an increased tissue carbon dioxide level, and in some situations there may also be an increase in the inspired carbon dioxide pressure. Causes include the external deadspace of the equipment, inadequate ventilation or failure of the absorbent system. There is a tendency for experienced divers to be less sensitive to elevated carbon dioxide partial pressures. This reduces the total ventilation requirement during working dives. Elevated arterial carbon dioxide levels increase susceptibility to oxygen toxicity, decompression sickness and nitrogen narcosis.
A. (1994) Mechanism of the human diving response. Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science 29 (I), 6-16. V. (1978) The Physiology of Diving in Man and Other Animals. E. Arnold. L. (1989) Diverse Divers; Physiology and Behavior. Springer-Verlag. L. J. (1998) The physiological basis of diving to depth: birds and mammals. Annual Reviews of Physiology. 60, 19-32. htm 4 Diving equipment JOHN PENNEFATHER Introduction Equipment for amateur diving Breath-hold diving equipment Breathing apparatus Safety and protective equipment Dive boats 33 33 33 35 37 39 INTRODUCTION The first part of this chapter deals with the equipment used by amateur divers.