By Dr. Shankar Sridharan, Gemma Price, Dr. Oliver Tann, Dr. Marina Hughes, Dr. Vivek Muthurangu, Professor Andrew M. Taylor (auth.)
This new and special medical source bargains speedy entry to top quality photographs overlaying a extensive spectrum of paediatric and grownup cardiac pathologies visualized utilizing MRI and CT. Key pictures of every situation and a transparent interpretation in their MR appearances enable for higher realizing of the pathology. concentration is given to the making plans of imaging planes, concepts and sequences to acquire the easiest pictures and enhance MR evaluate. this article would get advantages all overall healthiness execs excited about imaging congenital cardiac disease.
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Additional info for Cardiovascular MRI in Congenital Heart Disease: An Imaging Atlas
Fig. 1. Schematic drawing of Interruption of the aorta at differing sites. (a) Interruption distal to left subclavian artery (Type A). (b) Between left common carotid artery and left subclavian artery (Type B) (c) between right subclavian artery and left common carotid artery (Type C). Note - Interruption gap is represented by *. AscAo = ascending aorta, RCCA = right common carotid artery, LCCA=left common carotid artery, LSCA = left subclavian artery, DescAo = descending aorta 21 a Interrupted Aortic Arch b Fig.
2. Volume rendered 3D reconstruction of a contrast-enhanced CT angiogram showing a coarctation stent with mild residual narrowing (arrow). Note also the small pseudoanuerysm just distal to the stent (arrowhead) 20 a Repaired Coarctation of the Aorta: Complications b c Fig. 3. Large pseudoaneurysm of the proximal descending thoracic aorta (arrowhead) following end-to-end anastomosis (c) black-blood turbo-spin-echo image. (a, b) Volume rendered 3D reconstructions of a CE-MRA. Note that the anteriorly positioned pseudoanuerysm is compressing the lumen of the aorta as it passes posteriorly (arrow) 47 48 Cardiovascular MRI in Congenital Heart Disease 21 Interrupted Aortic Arch Describe the site of interruption and relation to head + neck vessels.
1. Schematic drawing of atrioventricular septal defect. Orthogonal views of common valve 15 Atrioventricular Septal Defect Fig. 2. b-SSFP image. 4-Ch view showing a balanced complete AVSD. There are large atrial and ventricular components. Note that the SB leaﬂet is largely contained within the LV with chordal attachment to the septal crest (Rastelli Type A) (arrow). Also note the moderate left AV valve regurgitation (arrowhead) Fig. 3. b-SSFP image. 4-Ch view showing an unbalanced complete AVSD.