By Kenneth L. Bontrager MA RT(R), John Lampignano MEd RT(R) (CT)
This instruction manual comprises easy info and utilized points of radiographic options and publicity components together with a number of conversion charts. It encompasses a bankruptcy on descriptions and illustrations of a few of the sorts of electronic radiography presently in use. it is usually transparent causes with images of all often played x-ray checks.
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Extra info for Bontrager's Handbook of Radiographic Positioning and Techniques
Hand ❒ PA (R) . . . . . . . . . ❒ AP axial thumb and PA hand critique . . . . . . ❒ PA oblique (R) . . . . . ❒ Lateral (“fan”) (R) . . . . ❒ PA oblique hand and “fan” lateral hand critique . . . . . . . . . ❒ AP oblique bilateral (Norgaard/ball-catcher’s) (S) . . . . . . . . . . . ❒ AP oblique bilateral critique . . . . . . . . . 20 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 Wrist ❒ PA (R) . . . . . . . . . ❒ PA oblique (R) . . . .
PA oblique (R) . . . . . ❒ PA and PA oblique critique . . . . . . . . . ❒ Lateral (R) . . . . . . . ❒ Lateral critique . . . . . ❒ PA axial ulnar deviation (15° and Modified Stecher) (S) . . . . . . . ❒ Scaphoid projections (15° and Modified Stecher) critique . . . . . ❒ PA radial deviation (S) . . ❒ PA wrist radial deviation critique . . . . . . . . . ❒ Tangential carpal canal (Gaynor-Hart method) (S) . . . . . . . ❒ Tangential carpal canal critique .
KV Range: cm Analog: 60-70â•¯kV kV mA Time Digital Systems: 70-75â•¯kV mAs SID Exposure Indicator S M L 54 Bontrager Textbook, 8th ed, pp. 170 and 171. AP Elbow—Fully Extended R 2 Evaluation Criteria Anatomy Demonstrated: • Distal humerus • Proximal radius and ulna Exposure: • Optimal density and contrast (brightness and contrast for digital images) • Soft tissues and bony trabeculation of elbow clearly demonstrated, no motion Fig. 2-46â•‡ AP elbow fully extended.