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60 Years of Leadership: NATO 1949-2009

Because the Iron Curtain separated Europe into opposing army and political blocs, the Western Allies from international battle II started laying the basis for a special new alliance to provide a united entrance opposed to from now on territorial objectives via the resurgent Soviet Union. On April four, 1949, a dozen countries met in Washington, D.C., to signal the North Atlantic Treaty (aka the Washington Treaty), meant to assure long term army and diplomatic ties among Europe and North the United States as a way of making sure the liberty of Western Europe. That treaty got here close to the top of the June 1948-May 1949 Soviet blockade of West Berlin, damaged via the Western Allies yearlong Berlin Airlift. the next 12 months, U.S. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, who had led the Allied victory opposed to Nazi Germany, was once named ideal Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR). The SACEURs activity used to be to move the army facet of the hot alliance and coordinate any destiny have to counter makes an attempt to isolate, threaten, or keep an eye on member states or territories less than its safety. DEPOSITили

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But only the United States could underwrite and execute a truly effective and comprehensive Western European security pact. After much debate, America provided the political, financial, and military resources to launch NATO, along with 11 other signatories in 1949. At first, there was little to organize from a land forces perspective. In 1950, it was decided that the existing WEU military organization would be incorporated into NATO. S. Mutual Defense Assistance Program, which gave dollars, equipment, and training facilities to Western European militaries, there were significant equipment and manpower shortages throughout the member forces assigned to NATO.

NATO Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer and Gen. Karl-Heinz Lather, chief of staff for Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE), emphasized the critical need for supporting NATO troops in the field through the modernization of helicopters and strategic lift, greater speed in the acquisition of the new Alliance Ground Surveillance (AGS) system, improvements to joint intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) capabilities – such as the addition of full-motion video cameras on alliance-operated unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) – moving forward with defending deployed troops and critical infrastructure against missile attacks, and practical ways to improve armaments cooperation with the European Union.

With a peacetime establishment of 400 personnel, ARRC combines staff from all the contributing nations, plus a French liaison officer officially accredited to the headquarters. K. provides the infrastructure, administrative support, communications, and 60 percent of the staff. , Greece, Germany, Italy, Spain, and Turkey. indd 4 3/19/09 3:21 PM would depend on the type of crisis to which it is tasked to respond. The area of crisis, its political significance, the capabilities and availability of lift assets, the distances to be covered, and the infrastructure capabilities of the nation receiving assistance all bear upon the composition of an ARRC.

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