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Ethics and Technology: Controversies, Questions, and by Herman T. Tavani

By Herman T. Tavani

The Fourth version of Ethics and Technology introduces scholars to matters and controversies that include the quite new box of cyberethics. This textbook examines a variety of cyberethics issues--from particular problems with ethical accountability to broader social and moral matters that impact each one folks in our daily lives. contemporary advancements in laptop ethics must also reason scholars to think about questions on traditional conceptions of autonomy and belief. Such themes and plenty of different attractive moral controversies--both hypothetical and real cases--are mentioned during this familiar and revered text.

Updates to the 4th version include
• New or up to date scenarios in each one bankruptcy
• New sample arguments in lots of chapters, which permit scholars to use the instruments for argument research coated in bankruptcy three
• Newly designed set of study/exercise questions name Unalyzed Scenarios in each one bankruptcy, which are used for both in-class team initiatives or outdoor category assignments
• extra assessment, dialogue, and essay/presentation questions on the finish of many chapters

New matters tested and Analyzed include• moral and social elements of Cloud Computing, together with issues in regards to the privateness and safeguard of users' information that's more and more being kept in "the Cloud"
• issues concerning the expanding "personalization" of seek effects in accordance with queries entered via clients on se's reminiscent of Google
• Controversies surrounding Wikileaks and the stress it creates among unfastened speech and accountable journalism
• issues affecting "net neutrality" and no matter if web legislation will be required to make sure that carrier prone on the net don't additionally unduly keep an eye on the content material brought through their companies
• fresh controversies affecting "machine ethics" and the improvement of "moral machines" or self sustaining structures that might be embedded with software program designed for making ethical judgements
• questions on our traditional notions of autonomy and trust--can machines be self sustaining? will we belief machines to behave in ways in which will continuously be within the top curiosity of people?

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Extra info for Ethics and Technology: Controversies, Questions, and Strategies for Ethical Computing (4th Edition)

Example text

Have any new ethical issues been introduced in these scenarios, or are the issues that arise in each merely examples of existing ethical issues that have been exacerbated in some C013GXML 10/19/2012 20:48:52 Page 10 10 c Chapter 1. Introduction to Cyberethics: Concepts, Perspectives, and Methodological Frameworks sense by new technologies used to communicate and disseminate personal information (such as in blogs in the Washingtonienne and Twitter scenarios), or to harass and bully someone (as in the Meier scenario)?

Although cybertechnology has made it possible to exchange MP3 files, there is still debate, and arguably a great deal of confusion as well, about whether doing so should necessarily be illegal. Until the conceptual confusions or muddles underlying arguments used in the Napster vs. RIAA case in particular, and about the nature of P2P file-sharing systems in general, are resolved, it is difficult to frame an adequate policy regarding the exchange of MP3 files in P2P transactions. How does Moor’s insight that cyberethics issues need to be analyzed in terms of potential policy vacuums and conceptual muddles contribute to our earlier question as to whether there is anything unique or special about cyberethics?

The fallacy can be expressed in the following way: PREMISE 1. Cybertechnology has some unique technological features. PREMISE 2. Cybertechnology has generated some ethical concerns. CONCLUSION. At least some ethical concerns generated by cybertechnology must be unique ethical concerns. 2 An Alternative Strategy for Analyzing the Debate about the Uniqueness of Cyberethics Issues Although it may be difficult to prove conclusively whether or not cybertechnology has generated any new or unique ethical issues, we must not rule out the possibility that many of the controversies associated with this technology warrant special consideration from an ethical perspective.

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