By Terry R. Yochum
The absolutely up to date 3rd version of this profitable textual content covers the whole spectrum of radiology, carrying on with its culture of excellence. precious either as a studying device around the chiropractic curriculum and as a reference and scientific reduction to practitioners, the textual content is helping readers distinguish key radiologic features—invaluable in medical choice making.
This version contains the most recent imaging technologies—including SPECT bone experiment, diagnostic ultrasound, helical 3D CT, and MRI—and beneficial properties greater than 4,500 photos bought with state of the art ideas. assurance comprises new chapters on soft-tissue imaging and paraspinal abnormalities and additional information on sports-related injuries.
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Additional resources for Essentials of Skeletal Radiology
The following are standard anatomic terms. Cephalad. Toward the head. Caudad. Toward the feet. Proximal. Toward the center of the body. Distal. Toward the periphery of the body. Lateral. Toward the right or left side of the body. Medial. Toward the middle of the body. Flexion. The angle between body parts is decreased. Extension. The angle between body parts is increased. Abduction. Movement of the body part away from the midline. Adduction. Movement of the body part toward the midline. Inversion.
12 1. Alignment: A well-positioned lateral should show superimposition of the mandibular rami, orbital roofs, and sella turcica. The tip of the dens should lie not more than 8 mm above the plane from the hard palate to the occipital convexity (McGregor’s line). ) 2. Bone: The vascular markings off the middle meningeal artery should not be confused with a fracture line. (4) (Fig. 1-5D) Fractures are better seen on plain film rather than CT studies. The sclerotic density of the skull base may mimic bone pathology.
More detailed and specialized texts should be consulted for views not included in this chapter. (1– 4) A fundamental “law” in radiographic positioning is that a minimum of two views at 90° to each other (orthogonal projections) must be obtained in every case. In radiology, as in other clinical disciplines, to understand and recognize the abnormal a thorough knowledge and familiarity with the normal is mandatory. Of equal importance is the ELBOW WRIST HAND FINGERS THUMB RIBS CHEST ABDOMEN REFERENCES technologic process involved in producing the radiograph, since it is the quality of the image on which the accuracy of the interpretation is largely based.