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Bioethics and the Humanities: Attitudes and Perceptions by Robin Downie, Jane Macnaughton

By Robin Downie, Jane Macnaughton

Critiquing many parts of clinical perform and study when making optimistic feedback approximately clinical schooling, this ebook extends the scope of clinical ethics past sole trouble with regulation.

Illustrating a few humanistic methods of figuring out sufferers, this quantity explores the connections among clinical ethics, healthcare and topics, similar to philosophy, literature, inventive writing and clinical background and the way they could impact the attitudes of medical professionals in the direction of sufferers and the perceptions of drugs, overall healthiness and disorder that have turn into a part of modern tradition.

The authors study quite a number principles in scientific perform and study, including:

  • the concept that sufferer prestige or the doctor/patient dating may be understood through quantitative scales
  • the phantasm fostered by way of scientific ethics that medical professionals, not like these in different professions, are uniquely beneficent and certainly altruistic.

An first-class textual content for undergraduate and postgraduate scholars of legislations, scientific ethics and clinical healthcare legislation, Bioethics and the Humanities exhibits the genuine moral achievements, difficulties and half-truths of latest medicine.

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According to Gillon, the four principles plus scope approach claims that whatever your personal philosophy, politics, religion, moral theory or life stance, you will find no difficulty in committing yourself to four prima facie moral principles plus a concern for their scope of application. Moreover, these four principles plus attention to their scope of application can be seen to encompass most if not all 3 Childress JF and Beauchamp TL, The Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 1976, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nevertheless, principles are often used as the major premises of moral arguments and were certainly used as such in medical ethics. , the alleged facts) or at the major premise (the principle or rule derived from ‘respect for autonomy’). As far as the minor premise is concerned, it might be maintained that the alleged facts are inaccurate, mistaken, incomplete, not fully known or that they 5 Hutcheson, Francis (1725), ‘An inquiry concerning the original of our ideas of virtue or moral good’, in Downie RS (ed), Francis Hutcheson: Philosophical Writings, 1994, London: Dent, Everyman Library, pp 88–95.

Bioethics had an obvious appeal to moral philosophers looking for a role in the shaping of their culture: it had an obvious first-order relevance, and discussion was conducted in a manner familiar to moral philosophers – in terms of principles. 2 It is worth noting here – although the points are of sociological rather than philosophical interest – that there are two other reasons which encouraged philosophers to become involved with bioethics. The first is that, increasingly from 1980, university departments were obliged to seek funding from outside sources, and it is easier to obtain funding for projects with an obvious practical relevance.

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