By James P. Ziliak
In 1964, President Lyndon Johnson went to Kentucky's Martin County to claim warfare on poverty. the subsequent yr he signed the Appalachian local improvement Act (ARDA), making a state-federal partnership to enhance the region's financial customers via greater activity possibilities, better human capital, and improved transportation. because the point of interest of family antipoverty efforts, Appalachia took on unique symbolic and good as monetary significance. approximately a part century later, what are the results?
In Appalachian Legacy, well known economists and demographers map out the region's present prestige. James Ziliak spearheads the research into questions akin to: How has Appalachia fared in view that 1965, and the way does it now evaluate to the country as a complete, in key parts akin to schooling, employment, and well-being? was once ARDA a good place-based coverage for ameliorating complication in a bothered quarter, or is Appalachia nonetheless mired in a poverty catch? And what classes will we draw from the Appalachian experience?
This very important study can help analysts, policymakers, students, and local specialists parent what works in scuffling with poverty and why. it's also a massive contribution to the industrial heritage of the jap United States.
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Additional resources for Appalachian Legacy: Economic Opportunity after the War on Poverty
ARDA and Economic Well-Being in Appalachia In this section I use a multivariate regression model to more precisely estimate the effect of ARDA on economic well-being in Appalachia. I focus attention on three outcomes: poverty rates, real per capita incomes, and log real per capita incomes. Poverty rates provide a summary of the economic status of individuals in the lower tail of the income distribution. 27 The baseline regression model I estimate for county i (i = 1, . . 28 The parameter of interest in the equation is γ, the coefficient on the interaction term that yields the intent to treat.
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The outcomes I focus on are a subset of those that PARC used as background justification for intervention in the region. Because PARC believed that the goal was to raise the well-being of Appalachia in comparison to the rest of the country, I initially compare Appalachian counties in 1967 to the rest of the country. However, because Appalachia is largely rural, a more appropriate comparison group to identify the intent to treat might in fact be other parts of rural America. Likewise, as indicated in the prior section, to examine the possible role of policy spillovers, I also consider two variants of 18.