By Jim Szumera
- Easy to learn and understand.
- Explains the materials of all of the software steels and the advantages or purposes they're used and the way they have an effect on performance.
- Provides info on find out how to pick out the ideal device metal for a given application.
- Discusses the warmth therapy technique for the several teams of device steels.
- Addresses the right kind equipment for machining and grinding to prevent untimely failure.
- Includes a unique part on welding systems of instrument steels.
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The software metal consultant is a wonderful relief and reference for all device designers, instrument and die makers, machinists and apprentices. it truly is full of standards, warmth remedies and purposes of all kinds of die and mould steels, in addition to rules and proposals on how one can arrange steels for machining and warmth remedy.
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Extra resources for The tool steel guide
When quenching carbon tool steels, either in water or brine, the work should be agitated and remain submerged until all vibration stops. This is a signal that the most violent changes within the steel have ended. As soon as the work can be touched with the bare hands, it should be removed. The belief that the tool or die must be stone cold to get full hardness is erroneous. Such a practice invites cracking. Soft spots cause a break in the uniformity of the hardened surface. As weak links in a strong chain, they spell failure.
The long standing rule is to begin tem pering as soon as the work can be held with the bare hands, 125/150 F. This is still a good guide. 66 0 58 5 50 O o EC 4 2 HOT WORK STEEL 34 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 ^ΑΠΑΙΚ,ΠΓΛ TEMPERING TEMPERATURE F. HARDENED Figure 14. Hardness versus tempering temperature for three grades representative of carbon, hot work and high speed 63 THE TOOL STEEL GUIDE The usual range for tempering spreads from 300 to 1200 F depending on the grade and the hardness desired.
The typical AISI grade is included to give one an idea of the type of steel which may be typical for those general applications. Γ =S5S-"^· —————— — ———————-Z ZZZZZ1ZZZ ZZlZZZZZZZZZZZZZ'=r=. -. 5 2 3 9 8 B I Low number means that property is poor. High number means that property is good. o r— CO I Figure 13. Blanking punches made of cold work steel must be wear-resistant and tough THE TOOL STEEL GUIDE Compromise Required in Steel Selection In examining the characteristics of tool steels it becomes apparent that some compromising is required.