By Gordon Williamson
This, the 1st of 2 volumes on Germany's global warfare II U-boats, lines their improvement from the early U-boats of the Kaiser's army, the prohibition on Germany having U-boats following the Armistice in 1918 and the following Treaty of Versailles, the key improvement of U-boats utilizing a 'cover-firm' in Holland, culminating within the formation of the first U-boat Flotilla in 1935 with the trendy variety II. The operational historical past part comprises examples from the periods variety VIIA, style VIIB, VIID, VIIE and VIIF sooner than focusing on the mainstay of the U-boat arm, the kind VIIC. Comparisons also are made with the normal allied submarines, their strengths, weaknesses and U-boat strategies.
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Extra info for Kriegsmarine U-boats 1939-45 (1) (New Vanguard, Volume 51)
Two folding padded ‘U’-shaped supports were provided on both left and right sides of the gun for the gunner and gun-layer to steady themselves against rolling or pitching of the boat. In effect, the gun would be difficult to aim successfully in anything other than calm seas. In rough seas, the crew could strap themselves into position. ), from the conning tower. The 2 cm Flak Gun Two basic designs of 2 cm flak gun (Flugabwehrkanone) were used. The earlier version, the 2 cm Flak 30, was a single-barrelled weapon, with 360° traverse and capable of -2° depression and +90° elevation.
Very similar in appearance to the Type IIA, it was marginally longer 4) Type IIC Again, very similar in appearance to its predecessors, the ‘C’ variant was slightly longer but was easily identifiable by the additional draining ports for the A Type IIB is beginning its dive. As the boat slips below the surface, the diesel air intakes and exhaust vents are automatically sealed as the engine shuts down and the electric motors take over. Note the pedestal fitted to the foredeck for the 2 cm flak gun.
Beneath the deck plating in this area were the stern trim tanks. E: DECK ARMAMENT CONFIGURATIONS ON THE TYPE VII 1) Type VIIF Only four examples of this extremely large type were completed. 5 m ‘plug’ was inserted into the hull abaft the conning tower, allowing this version to carry 24 additional torpedoes. Externally, apart from the extreme length, this type bore a strong resemblance to the standard Type VIIC/41. 2) Early Type VIIC This is the boat with which the Germans fought the first part of the war at sea.