By Donald Keene

This delightfully written e-book offers the Western reader with an advent to a couple of the main attractive and noteworthy parts of eastern literature. an outstanding student, Donald Keene writes in a lucid and available kind, devoting separate chapters to poetry, theater, and the unconventional, and shutting with a bankruptcy at the impact of the West on eastern literature. therefore the publication is right now a quick historical past of the literature and a serious knowing of it. additionally incorporated is a bibliography of histories and different reference works, in addition to a listing of novels and different prose in translation, in order that readers who desire to may fit past the scope of this advent.

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L io N{t){N{t) - 1} ... An+! An:SL} . pcHere c (5) (6) > 0 and k = 0, 1,2, .... Definition 1 We shall say that one has the strict sense level clustering if 7rk(C) == lim 7rk(C; L) L-+oo holds for each c > 0 and k ~ k = e- cckl. (7) 0 . Obviously, the strict sense level clustering is equivalent to the weak convergence as L ~ 00 of the probability distribution {7rk (c; L)} ~o on Z+ to the Poisson distribution with mean c. As is well known in probability theory, a sufficient condition for this weak convergence is that the moments of all orders of {7rk (c; L) }~o converges to those of the Poisson distribution.

MINAMI 1 An outline of Berry-Tabor's theory and the definition of clustering and repulsion of energy levels. Consider a bounded physical system of d-degrees of freedom which is described by a classical Hamiltonian H(p, q) , (p, q) E Rd X Rd . Let H(n) be its quantization, and {En(n)}n~l be the energy levels (eigenvalues) of H(n) . Here n is the Planck's constant, and we suppose that the spectrum of H(n) is purely discrete. Now the assertion of Berry and Tabor ([2]) is the following: Suppose the classical dynamical system associated to H(p, q) is completely integrable.

The number of unoriented edges not contained in T is equal to n, the rank of H1 (Xo, Z). Give an orientation {e1' ... ,eD} to the graph X o such that (12) eb ... ,en ยข T, en+b .. , ,eD E T, where we should note that D = N +n-1. For each i with 1 ~ i ~ n, take a minimal path e; in T with o{e;) = t{ei) and tee;) = o{ei) where o{c) Crespo t{c)) denotes the origin Crespo terminus) ora path C. Put Ci = eie;. e. it has no self-intersection, and that [C1], ... ,[en] form a basis of H1 (Xo, Z). We now take a lift of Ci to X, which we denote bye;,.