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Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology: Health and Illness in by Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember

By Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember

Clinical practitioners and the normal citizen have gotten extra acutely aware that we have to comprehend cultural version in scientific trust and perform. The extra we all know how future health and disorder are controlled in several cultures, the extra we will realize what's "culture sure" in our personal scientific trust and perform. The Encyclopedia of clinical Anthropology is exclusive since it is the 1st reference paintings to explain the cultural practices correct to wellbeing and fitness within the world's cultures and to supply an summary of significant subject matters in scientific anthropology. No different unmarried reference paintings comes just about marching the intensity and breadth of data at the various cultural historical past of future health and disorder world wide. greater than a hundred specialists - anthropologists and different social scientists - have contributed their firsthand event of scientific cultures from around the globe.

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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology: Health and Illness in the World's Cultures Topics - Volume 1; Cultures - Volume 2

Sample text

Rank society. A society that does not have any unequal access to economic resources or power, but with social groups that have unequal access to status positions and prestige. recessive. An allele phenotypically suppressed in the heterozygous form and expressed only in the homozygous form. reciprocity. Giving and taking (not politically arranged) without the use of money. recombinant DNA. Formed by the splicing of DNA from more than one source. rectal prolapse. Protrusion of the rectal mucous membrane through the anus.

An old general term for the disproportionate holding of power or authority by females; since there are many domains of authority and power, anthropologists now generally identify more specific institutions or customs such as the presence of matrilineal descent, matrilocal residence, the proportion of leaders or heads of household that are female, inheritance by females, etc. matriclan. A clan tracing descent through the female line. matrilateral. Pertaining to the mother’s side of the family, as in matrilateral cross-cousins or matrilateral parallel cousins.

Patrilineal descent. The rule of descent that affiliates an individual with kin of both sexes related to him or her through men only. patrilocal residence. A pattern of residence in which a married couple lives with or near the husband’s parents. Often referred to as virilocal residence in the absence of patrilineal descent. peasants. Rural people who produce food for their own subsistence but who must also contribute or sell their surpluses to others (in towns and cities) who do not produce their own food.

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