By Robert Rutland
The Republican occasion has constantly been attention-grabbing to people who join its ideas, in addition to to people who take another stand at the matters. within the Republicans: From Lincoln to Bush, Robert Allen Rutland has introduced a transparent and concise figuring out of this political get together to the overall reader. The ebook is a lucid and fast moving review of the Republican social gathering from its beginnings within the 1850s throughout the 1994 congressional elections, which observed the Democratic domination of the home and Senate come to an abrupt finish. In a crisp, hugely readable kind, Rutland starts by means of explaining how the "obnoxious" Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 overturned the Missouri Compromise, infected the North, and prompted the cave in of the Whig and American events. the end result used to be the beginning of the Republican occasion, whose objective was once to oppose the Democrats and forestall the unfold of slavery. Abraham Lincoln was once elected the 1st Republican president in 1860. The Republicans means that an important shift in balloting energy came about two times throughout the 20th century, first within the New Deal years, and back after 1968 whilst the GOP made an attract southern citizens and eventually took keep watch over of the realm that had formerly been ruled via the Democrats. With the 1980 election of Ronald Reagan because the 40th president of the us, the Republicans won aid from many first-time citizens, middle-class whites, and exertions unions-- teams no longer formerly anticipated to vote Republican. within the significant other quantity, The Democrats: From Jefferson to Clinton, Rutland presents a decent and simple review of the strengths and weaknesses of Democratic presidents. the following he offers an evenhanded examine the great and not-so-good Republicans. by means of skillfully utilizing tales and anecdotes from a number of administrations to brighten up this narrative of political historical past, Rutland supplies Republicans and Democrats alike a deeper appreciation for the two-party system.
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Additional resources for The Republicans: From Lincoln to Bush
In Boston's environs, the Know-Nothings dramatically surged forward in the polling places, applauded by the blue bloods who feared the influx of Irish immigrants. Patrick Kennedy of County Wexford in Ireland, the grandfather of John Fitzgerald Kennedy, arrived in Boston as the tension rose and typified the "foreigners" that rabid Know-Nothings wanted to disfranchise. Undoubtedly both groups touched responsive chords in the North, for a variety of reasons, but initially it was the Know-Nothings who seemed most destined to challenge the Democrats.
Northern newspapers inflamed public opinion overnight. Then on the next day a South Carolina congressman entered the Senate chamber in the nation's Capitol and caned Senator Charles Sumner, a Massachusetts Republican, into Page 9 bloody insensibility. Sumner would not take his seat again for two and a half years. Instantly, he became a martyr for outraged Republicans. Citizens North and South barely had time to ponder these bizarre happenings when the telegraph lines carried the news on May 24 that the fanatical abolitionist John Brown and his followers had killed a proslavery member of the Kansas territorial legislature and several hapless farmers, apparently as revenge for the Lawrence raid.
Buchanan's cabinet was loaded with southerners who brazenly opposed any subsidized construction of a railroad favoring a northern route to the Pacific. Buchanan's pals wanted a southern route that would link New Orleans with the Pacific Coast and incidentally help solidify any support in the Arizona and New Mexico territories for slavery. All these maneuvers exacerbated the feelings of northerners. Most offended, perhaps, was Senator Stephen Douglas, who was fair-minded (and profit-minded) enough to favor a western railroad with an eastern terminus in Chicago.