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Party Politics in New Democracies (Comparative Politics) by Paul Webb, Stephen White

By Paul Webb, Stephen White

Comparative Politics is a chain for college students and lecturers of political technology that offers with modern executive and politics. the final Editors are Professor Alfio Mastropaolo, college of Turin and Kenneth Newton, collage of Southampton and Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin. The sequence is released in organization with the ecu Consortium for Political examine. The sister quantity to Political events in complex commercial Democracies, this publication bargains a scientific and rigorous research of events in a few of the world's significant new democracies. Drawing on a wealth of workmanship and information, the e-book assesses the preferred legitimacy, organizational improvement and practical functionality of political events in Latin the USA and post-communist japanese Europe. It demonstrates the generational variations among events within the previous and new democracies, and divulges contrasts one of the latter. events are proven to be at their so much feeble in these lately transitional democracies characterised by way of personalistic, candidate-centered varieties of politics, yet in different new democracies--especially people with parliamentary systems--parties are extra strong and institutionalized, permitting them to facilitate a significant measure of renowned selection and keep watch over. anyplace get together politics is weakly institutionalized, political inequality has a tendency to be higher, dedication to pluralism much less sure, clientelism and corruption extra said, and populist demagoguery a better temptation. with out celebration, democracy's carry is extra tenuous.

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Eds) (2002) Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies (Oxford: Oxford University Press). Wiarda, H. and Kline, H. (1996) Latin American Politics and Development (Boulder, CO: Westview Press). This page intentionally left blank 2 Russia’s Client Party System Stephen White INTRODUCTION Party development in Russia reflected that of other European countries but lagged notably behind it in the years up to the First World War. Parties and other public organizations began to be formed in the late nineteenth century, but they had no legal existence until the Tsar issued his October Manifesto in 1905 as part of the move to a more constitutional form of monarchy that followed the revolutionary events of that year.

31–71. and Mair, P. (1995) ‘Changing models of party organization and party democracy: the emergence of the cartel party’. Party Politics 1: 5–28. Kiewiet, D. R. and Myagkov, M. G. ’ Communist and Post-Communist Studies 35: 39–50. Kirchheimer, O. (1966) ‘The transformation of Western European party systems’, in M. Weiner and J. Lapalombara (eds) Political Parties and Political Development (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press). , and Tóka, G. (1999) Post-Communist Party Systems: Competition, Representation and Inter-Party Cooperation (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

It is intuitive to ask these questions, and certainly very hard to overlook them when trying to assess the question of parties and democratic transition. If parties really are important to democratization, then must they not perform adequately in respect of some or all of the key tasks normally imputed to them? But which functions should we examine? While Theodore Lowi (1963: 571) counsels against assuming an inventory of agreed functions of party ‘as though these were as regularly a part of the political process as stages in the passage of a bill’, it is clear from the considerable overlap between writers that something very like an ‘agreed inventory’ does in fact exist.

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