By Carol C. Gould
Here's the 1st ebook to give Karl Marx as one of many nice systematic philosophers, a guy who went past the normal bounds of the self-discipline to determine a philosophical process by way of a concrete social thought and politico-economic critique. Basing her paintings at the Grundrisse (probably Marx's such a lot systematic paintings and in simple terms translated into English for the 1st time in 1973), Gould argues that Marx was once engaged in one firm all through his works, particularly the development of a scientific and philosophical concept of society. Gould examines 5 easy issues of Marx's social ontology: society, hard work, causality, freedom, and justice, in 5 separate chapters, preceded via an introductory bankruptcy explicating thesis and strategies. The booklet exhibits how Marx's ontology, or concept of social truth, should be reconstructed from concrete information of his account of the ancient phases of social improvement and from his analyses and evaluations of capitalist economic climate. It clarifies additional the worth concept underlying Marx's critique of contemporary society and explores the query of the way philosophy can play a huge position in figuring out and resolving social matters. This ebook should be of curiosity to all scholars of society, because it increases problems with the connection of applied sciences to society and of the varieties and clients for socialism as a potential destiny society. It has intentionally been written in a method that makes the tough, technical concerns available to undergraduates simply commencing to learn Marx, in addition to, in fact, graduate scholars of social conception and really good students. The lay reader can also be interested in the actual content material of this publication and should benefit from the lucid, ordinary presentation. Marx's Social Ontology proposes an answer to a long-standing challenge in interpretations of Marx: the obvious obstacle of his insistence at the excellent of complete self-realization of the person and his equivalent insistence at the perfect of complete self-realization of the neighborhood. it is a e-book of significant importance facing subject matters of tolerating and present curiosity.
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Additional info for Marx's Social Ontology: Individuality and Community in Marx's Theory of Social Reality
41 The Ontology of Labor: Objectification, Technology and the Dialectic of Time ~v1arx, this activity takes L~c fonn of alienation, in which tile individual is separated from his or her own creative power. 2. III accordance with the theses presented in the first chapter, ! individual and the independence of the object. But Marx goes beyond both Hegel and Aristotle in the notion that the individual creates his or her own nature by his or her activity and that this is not a fixed nature or essence, but rather one that is itself changing as a result of this activity.
In determinate negation, a given or present stage or moment negates that which preceded it by preserving it in a new or higher form; but each such moment transforms itself in accordance with the Idea as its telos. 58 The Ontology of Labor Marx introduces a very different interpretation of this process of determinate negation. For him it is the characteristic form of human activity. Such activity is guided by some purpose or end; in anticipation of the future, the agent changes the pre-existing object by giving it new form hy means of present or, as Marx says, living, activity or lahar.
Thus he writes, "All production is an objectification of an individual" (p. 226). This emphasis on individuals is also evident in Marx's understanding of social forms as forms in which "individuals reproduce themselves as individuals" (p. 832). Moreover, Marx explicates the meaning of "a social relation" as "a definite relation between individuals" (p. 239); in this way, he suggests that social relations do not exist as abstract entities apart from the individuals who are related. 19 But now we may ask: What are the attributes and what are the given modes of activity of these individuals?