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IRSE Green Book No.7 Signal Control Circuits (British by Institution of Railway Signal Engineers (IRSE)

By Institution of Railway Signal Engineers (IRSE)

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Additional resources for IRSE Green Book No.7 Signal Control Circuits (British Practice) Rev 1968

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For example: • From the geometrical point of view, placing nominal point at the center of the acceptability region will allow elements to have larger tolerances, or have high yield for fixed tolerances (if yield is less than 100%) . • The circuit performance y can be expressed as y(e) 17 = y(x + 0), so 18 CHAPTER 2 holds. t. the random variable (ji (associated with Xi), thus minimizing the performance variability due to (ji. Many of the previously proposed methods were explicitly or implicitly based on the above observations, including such methods as geometrical design centering [52] and sensitivity minimization [12, 13].

7. 8. Xl {3l +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 +1 -1 Resolution V orthogonal array £8(2 7) X2 X1X2 X3 X1X3 X2 X 3 X1X2 X 3 {32 +1 +1 +1 +1 -1 -1 -1 -1 {3l2 +1 -1 +1 -1 -1 +1 -1 +1 {33 +1 +1 -1 -1 +1 +1 -1 -1 {3l3 +1 -1 -1 +1 +1 -1 -1 +1 {323 -1 -1 +1 +1 +1 +1 -1 +1 ({3l23) -1 +1 +1 +1 +1 -1 -1 -1 output Y Yl Y2 Y3 Y4 Ys Y6 Y7 Ys where It is shown that the estimated main effects using the main effect OA are now biased, and confounded with interactions. So, if the designer has to investigate interactions, an OA of higher resolution is required.

K need to be included in this model. The research on intra-die statistical modeling has been mostly focused on the computation of the mismatch variance. , on the separation distance between devices and device sizes. It has been observed that a small distance and a large size will lead to a small mismatch variance, hence large correlation coefficients. For example, if NI and N2 of the NMOS voltage divider are adjacent, the standard deviation of the VTH mismatch is small compared to its value if the transistors are separated by a large distance.

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