By Waib H., D Zilberman
Over the last 20 years, major funding has been made into agriculture-related traditional source administration study in constructing international locations. With traders commencing to request the impression in their investments during this learn, a evaluate used to be wanted at the monetary, social and environmental results of those tasks. Stemming from an attempt to handle those issues, this number of case reviews establishes a methodological origin for impression exams of NRMR via a dialogue of analysis carried out by means of the CGIAR worldwide. either micro and macro initiatives are tested to contemplate the result of those agricultural and improvement courses on the farm point in addition to on a neighborhood scale.
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Additional info for International Research on Natural Resource Management: Advances in Impact Assessment
And Pingali, P. (eds) Handbook of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 3. Elsevier BV, Amsterdam, pp. 2933–2977. World Bank (2003) The CGIAR at 31: An Independent Meta-Evaluation of the CGIAR. Vol. 1. Overview Report. World Bank, Washington, DC. 2 The History of Natural Resource Management Research in the CGIAR HANS GREGERSEN1 AND TIM KELLEY2 1Standing Panel on Impact Assessment (SPIA) Chair Emeritus, USA; Council, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy 2Science This chapter draws on a number of past assessments of natural resource management research (NRMR) in the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), as listed in the references at the end of the chapter.
At every moment there is a threshold level of the variable that is the source of heterogeneity separating adopters and non-adopters. Within adopters, the intensity of adoption may vary. Differences in landholding have been found to explain adoption of various mechanical and biological innovations, and differences in education have been important in explaining differences in adoption of many technologies as well. Climatic conditions and locations are other sources of heterogeneity that may explain the timing and extent of adoption of various technologies.
Consider a project comprising an embodied technology that requires external inputs and local knowledge. Adoption of the technology results in shifting the supply curve of a homogeneous agricultural commodity and, in addition, generates positive human health, natural resource and environmental externalities. The market beneﬁts (MBt) of technology adoption can be divided into three categories: farmers’ surplus (FSt), manufacturers’ surplus (MSt) and consumers’ surplus (CSt). These rents accrue to agricultural producers, manufacturers of the technology and consumers, respectively, in time t and must be measured over the service life of the technology, T.