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HST: The Second Millennium by Colin Marsden

By Colin Marsden

This is a special quantity interpreting the opposing air forces within the Spanish Civil battle besides the intervention of the German, Italian and Soviet air forces of their respective guises. The air campaigns fought throughout the Spanish Civil warfare triggered very important technical and tactical advancements for all events - from the particular deployment of air energy via to communications. The small and principally obsolescent Spanish Air strength of 1936 grew into a good scuffling with arm which through 1937 had develop into an important strength, thank you, partially, to German and Italian help. The Nationalists fielded Heinkel, Fiat and Messerschmitt warring parties and Heinkel, Caproni, Savoia-Marchetti, Junkers and Dornier bombers. those forces entered right into a grinding conflict of attrition over the less-organised yet fiercely encouraged Republican air arm over Aragon, the Jarama, and Madrid Fronts and later over Brunete, Belchite, and the ultimate crusade over the Ebro past due in 1938. The Republicans have been built with Soviet-built Polikarpov, Nieuport, Hawker and Dewoitine combatants and Potez and Tupolev bombers. those plane have been usually vibrant and decorated with bright markings, and those are fantastically illustrated during this e-book. total, twenty Nationalist pilots received 5 or extra victories, with the German and Italian contingents additionally scoring excessive kill numbers. the top scorer used to be Joaquin Garcia Morato with forty victories, whereas the long run German ace, Werner Molders left Spain with 14. at the Republican facet, Capts. Jose Bravo Fernandez and Miguel Zambudio Martinez - to call yet - are mentioned to have scored into double figures. This remarkable new quantity offers an entire research of each point of the air campaigns fought in the course of the Spanish Civil warfare. full of little-known evidence, infrequent images and numerous color artistic endeavors, this ebook belongs at the shelf of each critical aviation enthusiast!

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Hazardous materials are transported on routes going across the whole Poland what makes excessive danger for people and environment. For creating the environmentally safe transport in Poland there should be prepared conditions of equal chances for road and railway transportation with preference for the railway especially in heavy urbanized areas and places saved for nature special protection. Some statistical information and maps illustrates the opinions. 1. GOVERNING STRUCTURE FOR PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT.

1993 PKP transportation volume in mil. pas. '5 650,2 548,1 539,9 of which: - domestic 776,7 641,7 541,1 531,0 - international 10,8 8,5 7,0 8,9 ( departures,arrivals, transits) in bi!. 8 1,2 Notice: volume of passenger transport amounted to 948 mIn pas. and 55,8 bi!.. 0 bit ton-km in 1989. 32 e) NEW TRANSPORTATION OFFER FREIGHT SECTOR In 1989 PKP started-with implementation of the new, fast carriage, so called PKP-CARGO. Time of delivery within 24 hours is a feature of this system organization (wagons are provided to be loaded in mornings, carriaged - by night, and then provided to the destination point next day morning) PKP-CARGO-TRANSIT is a variant of the former system implemented in 1990 for freights transported from ports of Szczecin and Swinouj scie to the southern border.

The other problem is the technical condition and parameters both of the railway lines with all structures and the rolling stock. All 45 imperfections cause losing the transported massive goods on the track and surrounding terrain - what is dangerous when they are chemicals and increases the noise emission which is also the kind of environment pollution. 7. FINAL REMARKS Competition between road and railway transport in Poland still is growing. does not Road transport has better situation for development.

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