By Emily Hannum, Hyunjoon Park, Yuko Goto Butler
In contemporary a long time, globalization and nearby integration have introduced major fiscal and demographic adjustments in East Asia, together with emerging financial inequality, starting to be inhabitants routine inside and throughout borders, and the emergence or renewed geopolitical importance of cultural and linguistic minority populations. those tendencies have coincided with major adjustments in relations formation, dissolution, and buildings. How have those alterations performed out within the diversified academic platforms of East Asia? In what leading edge methods are East Asian governments addressing the hot demographic realities in their scholar populations? This quantity bargains a photo of key academic stratification matters in East Asian international locations, and their evolution together with altering scholar populations. Ten empirical items handle concerns starting from Japan's schooling reforms and alterations in instructor paintings styles because the method adapts to globalization; persisting and new kinds of academic stratification in China; academic stratification and new multiculturalism in academic coverage in Korea; and, the ways in which migration is shaping schooling within the city-states of Hong Kong and Singapore. jointly, the items during this quantity characterize a primary try to examine nationwide responses to serious nearby developments.
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Extra info for Globalization, Changing Demographics, and Educational Challenges in East Asia (Research in Sociology of Education)
Impacts of Globalization on Japanese Education 21 a belief that simply ‘‘breaking down’’ globalization is not enough. We instead emphasize the necessity of – having pieced out the multiple reverberations of globalization in a particular national context – to then put them back together to locate not only the symbiosis and synergies but also the ruptures, conﬂicts, tensions, and – most central to this chapter – the unseen consequences that result; aspects of recent change that are rendered invisible if the component parts of ‘‘globalization’’ are simply cordoned off by disciplinary-based research and examined in isolation.
These changes were clearly the results of the ‘‘real’’ impacts of globalization on Japanese education. Economic forces, such as pressures on wage competition with other countries necessitating in a reduction in the cost of labor, and its concomitant demand for more ﬂexible workforce arrangements leading to the increase of non-standard employment, are areas in which Japanese society has become permeable to ‘‘external’’ trends and changes occurring along its economic borders. However, Japan still exhibits a great unease in opening its political borders to welcome more immigrants and allow more foreign workers to take up jobs that would allow a similar reduction in wages domestically.
What we ﬁnd particularly fascinating in this discussion then is how an ‘‘imagining’’ of developments outside of Japan came to be used ﬁrst to push the notion of creativity, individuality, and ‘‘room to grow,’’ then how it later came to be employed to help repeal those very same policy reforms. This reveals both how twisted and dynamic the effects of ‘‘globalization’’ are when one seeks to understand the phenomenon at the level of rhetoric and discourse, but also how diverse the ‘‘imagining’’ of the challenges of globalization can be among various domestic political actors.