By Dr Suman Fernando, Visit Amazon's Suman Fernando Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Suman Fernando, , David Ndegwa, Melba Wilson
Forensic psychiatry is the self-discipline which distinguishes the 'mad' from the 'bad', yet are its values inherently racist? Why are members from non-Western backgrounds over-represented statistically in these clinically determined with schizophrenia and different severe health problems? The authors argue that the values on which psychiatry relies are firmly rooted in ethnocentric Western tradition, with profound implications for person prognosis and structures of care.Through precise exploration of the historical past of psychiatry, present medical concerns and current public coverage, this strong ebook strains the expansion of a process within which non-conformity to the existing cultural norms dangers alienation and analysis of psychological disease.
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Additional resources for Forensic Psychiatry, Race and Culture
In the 1991 census of the UK, an ethnic question was included for the first time, each person being asked to identify himself or herself in terms of ethnicity. The main broad ethnic groups referred to in population statistics, health surveys and research are African-Caribbeans, Africans, Asians and whites, the two largest minority ethnic groups being Asians (predominantly referring to South Asia) and African-Caribbeans. g. the USA and Canada) the term ‘people of colour’ is preferred and in many European countries the pejorative term ‘migrant’ is still used.
1978). In the light of the discussions about modern racism and ethnicity, it is necessary to examine the category ‘black’ when applied to people with diverse subjective positions, social experiences and cultural identities—represented by categories used for identifying ethnicity. As Stuart Hall (1992) points out, it is no longer adequate politically to contend ‘that all black people are the same (1992: 254, original emphasis). The challenge today is to ‘be able to build those forms of solidarity and identification which make common struggle and resistance possible but without suppressing the real heterogeneity of interests and identities, and which can effectively draw the political boundary lines without which political contestation is impossible, without fixing those boundaries for eternity’ (1992:254–5).
CONCLUSIONS ‘Race’, ‘culture’ and ‘ethnicity’ are difficult to disentangle in practical situations; confusion between them is rife in many areas of thought—from politics to scientific research. In short, race is perceived as primarily physical although it is a social construct: culture is entirely sociological and ethnicity is largely psychological. ‘Race’ is a social entity which has powerful effects on almost all aspects of society, including the practice of forensic psychiatry. Culture and ethnicity are dynamic entities that are constantly changing in relation to social and political forces, personal likes and dislikes, etc.