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Fluid Flow and Solute Movement in Sandstones: the Onshore UK by R. D. Barker, J. H. Tellam, Editors

By R. D. Barker, J. H. Tellam, Editors

Sandstone aquifers are universal around the globe: they comprise an important share of the Earth's clean water provides. even if, as a result of their textural complexity and the widespread prevalence of either matrix and fracture circulation, prediction of move and pollutant migration continues to be a substantial problem. This quantity features a number of papers summarizing present examine on an instance sandstone aquifer: the united kingdom Permo-Triassic Sandstone series. those pink mattress, organic-poor sandstones are of fluvial and aeolian beginning, are usually strongly textured, and are reduce by way of discontinuities of a variety of permeabilities. Matrix circulate frequently dominates, yet fracture circulation additionally happens. The papers within the quantity care for examine on saturated and unsaturated stream, and solute and non-aqueous-phase liquid circulate. They hide investigations from laboratory to neighborhood scale, and contain quite a lot of ways, from petrophysical via geophysical and hydrochemical to modelling. The e-book is meant to be of curiosity to researchers and practitioners serious about water assets and groundwater toxins, and to hydrogeology, water engineering, and environmental technological know-how students.Also to be had: two hundred Years of British Hydrogeology - ISBN 1862391556 Sustainable Groundwater improvement - ISBN 1862390975 Palaeowaters in Coastal Europe: Evolution of Groundwater because the overdue Pleistocene - ISBN 186239086X

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Additional resources for Fluid Flow and Solute Movement in Sandstones: the Onshore UK Permo-Triassic Red Bed Sequence (Geological Society Special Publication No. 263)

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2006) and these faults also contribute to the present relatively inefficient flushing by regional flow (cf. Furlong 2002). Sparse data suggest the deepest saline water has a heavier isotopic signature. 2 0 1900 The evidence reviewed above suggests that: 9 9 1950 2000 Year Fig. 15. Example breakthrough curves for estuary water intrusion in response to a regional head gradient, Widnes, Lower Mersey Basin (Carlyle et al. 2004; data from Widnes Water Users Association). One-dimensional Ogata & Banks (1961)-style breakthrough curves also indicated.

Sorption of metals/metalloids to the sandstone has not been investigated systematically. g. Mimides & Lloyd 1987; A1-Hosni 2001; Thornton et al. 2000b), but few attempts using recent advances in surface modelling appear to have been published (Read et al. 1993). g. Spears 1986; Edmunds et al. 1989; Ford et al. 1992; Ford & Tellam 1994; Smedley & Edmunds 2002; Kinniburgh et al. 2006; Shepherd et al. 2006). Much has yet to be learnt of the sorption behaviour of the oxide/hydroxide fractions, and how they correspond with those fractions also actively involved with redox reactions.

2001a, b). e. an indication of 'amorphous' Fe, of <500 mg kg -1, which is less than 2% total Fe. In the case of the phenol plume, over 90% of the observed degradation used dissolved 02 and NO3 supplied by dispersive processes in the 2 m-wide dispersion zones at the edges of the plume (Lerner et al. 2000). Whether this oxidizing capacity is typical is uncertain, and capacity will vary with reaction system. In some systems, oxidative capacity may be underutilized because of other limitations. Of the two, MnO2 is more labile than Fe III oxides/hydroxides in the aquifer.

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