By William F. Royce (Auth.)
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Additional resources for Fishery Development
2. " (The series on Catches and Landings began in 1948 and continues to the present. ) 50 3. FISHERY SYSTEMS 3. A more detailed international classification of fishing gear is in use. See C. Nedelec, Definition and classification of fishing gear categories. FAO Fish. Tech. Pap. (222):1-51 (1982). 4. FAO, A study of methodologies for forecasting aquacultural development. FAO Fish. Tech. , (248):l-47 (1984). 5. -L. Gaudet, Introduction and summary, In J. H. " FAO and Amer. Fish. S o c , pp. 1-7, 1982.
The prevailing perception of fishery development is an action to increase the supply or availability of fish, thereby providing more employment and more earnings for the fishery community, and perhaps more export earnings or less food imports for the nation as a whole. This perception is reinforced when fishers are relatively poor and fish are a major food of their communities. A common result is acceptance of a large range of special government services to the fisheries in addition to management for conservation.
Other uses and abuses of the waters had also become widespread by the 1970s. Damage to freshwater and inshore fisheries from environmental change was responsible in part for rapidly increasing concern about environmental quality. It resulted in international recognition that environmentally sensitive and responsible development was essential for long term economic development. A declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in 1972 stated a conviction that "international organizations play a coordinated, efficient and dynamic role in the protection and improvement of the environment.