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The sequence is dedicated to the e-book of monographs and high-level textbooks in arithmetic, mathematical equipment and their functions. except masking very important components of present curiosity, an important goal is to make issues of an interdisciplinary nature available to the non-specialist.

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**Example text**

The repetition or termination of a finite number of digits in a decimal representation of a rational number is an important property of this kind of numbers. On the other hand there exist also numbers which do not show this property. These numbers are called irrational numbers contrary to rational numbers. Irrational numbers are represented by non repeating decimals. 414213562373095048801688724209698078569671875376948073176679737990732478462107038g 850387534327641572735013846230912297024924836055850737212644121497099935831413222g 665927505592755799950501152782060571470109559971605970274534596862014728517418640g 889198609552329230484308714321450839762603627995251407989687253396546331808829640g 620615258352395054745750287759961729835575220337531857011354374603408498847160386g 899970699004815030544027790316454247823068492936918621580578463111596668713013015g 618568987237235288509264861249497715421833420428568606014682472 So our observation is that observed for S 2 does not begin to repeat from some point.

1. Inequality Relations If a, b, c and d are real numbers then a) If a b and b c then a c. b) If a b then a c b c. c) If a b and c d then a c b d. Mathematics for Engineers 24 If a b then a c b c when c is positive and a c ! b c when c is negative. If a and b are both positive or both negative and a b then 1 s a ! 1. These five properties remain true if < and > are replaced by and , respectively. 4. Adding a constant to an inequality To paraphrase property (b), an inequality remains true if the same number is added to both sides.

Intersecting two sets given by circles. 21. Union of two sets given by circles. 1 Tests and Exercises The following tests and exercises are related to relations and sets. 1 Test Problems T1. Which of the following relation are always correct for a, b ± 5 and a b. 1 a 1 a 1 a () () () ! 1 b 1 b 1 b if a ! 0 T2. Which of the following relation are always correct for a, b ± 5 and a b. () a3b3 () 3a3b () 6a6b () a3 a2 b T3. In each part, sketch on a coordinate line all values of x a.