By World Bank
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Extra info for Ecuador poverty report
Importancia Del Mercado de Tierras Del Sector Rural La pobreza rural está también estrechamente vinculada a la tierra. En las zonas rurales, los pequeños agricultores suelen ser los más pobres. Sin embargo, estos agricultores tienden a hacer un uso más intensivo de la tierra y, generalmente, obtienen un rendimiento mayor por hectária que los grandes agricultores. Por consiguiente, el respaldo al actual mercado informal de la tierra para ayudar a mejorar el acceso de los agricultores pobres a este recurso puede aumentar la equidad sin reducir la eficiencia.
2 We use three consumption-based poverty lines. The extreme poverty line only values a basket of food items which meets the minimum necessary calorie requirements per person. The full poverty line includes the same basket of food items but also non-food items. The non-food expenditure component is calculated by looking at those people whose total expenditures are just enough to reach the extreme poverty line and the average fraction of 1 SECAP (1994). 2 See Working Paper 1, Annex 1, for details.
The rural Oriente, the scarcely 3 Compare Ravallion (1994). 4 In this Report, unless otherwise states, all references to a poverty line will correspond to the full poverty line described above, and all poverty calculations will be with reference to that poverty line. 5 The LSMS defines an urban area as a town and city with more than 5,000 inhabitants. Page 5 populated jungle area of Ecuador suffers clearly the highest levels of poverty with sixty-seven percent. 7 million people, unable to finance a basic nutritional basket even if they spend everything they have on food.