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Democracy, Intermediation, and Voting on Four Continents by Richard Gunther, Hans-Jürgen Puhle, José Ramón Montero

By Richard Gunther, Hans-Jürgen Puhle, José Ramón Montero

This ebook offers the result of systematic comparative analyses of electoral habit and help for democracy in thirteen international locations on 4 continents. it truly is in response to nationwide election surveys held in "old" and "new" democracies in Europe (Germany, Britain, Spain, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Bulgaria), North and South the US (the usa, Chile and Uruguay), and Asia (Hong Kong) among 1990 and 2004. it really is methodologically cutting edge, although the truth that its middle quandary with "political intermediation" (i.e., the circulation of political info from events and applicants to electorate during the mass-communications media, club in secondary institutions, and direct, face-to-face contacts inside of interpersonal networks) used to be first brought to the learn of electoral habit by means of Paul Lazarsfeld and his collaborators within the Nineteen Forties. as well as reviving that long-neglected analytical framework, this ebook breaks new flooring through systematically exploring the influence of socio-political values on electoral habit. It additionally analyzes the function of political intermediation in forming easy attitudes in the direction of democracy (which are an important for the consolidation of recent democracies), and, in flip, channeling these orientations into quite a few sorts of political habit. many of the findings offered during this quantity are dramatic, and obviously exhibit that those channels of knowledge are one of the strongest components influencing the advance of political attitudes and partisan electoral habit. So, too, are socio-political values in a few international locations (particularly the United States). This quantity is the 1st book-length made from the now 18-country Comparative nationwide Elections venture.

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G. Franklin, Mackie, Valen et al. 1992). g. Przeworski and Sprague 1986; Gunther and Montero 2001b). In turn, these critiques have led 8 Introduction scholars to shift their attention to an examination of other determinants of the vote. In this volume, we continue to pay considerable attention to the cleavage-anchoring of electoral behaviour. We do not deny that the social origins of parties continue to have a substantial impact on the nature of their respective electorates, on the organizational forms adopted by parties, and on the electoral strategies that they employ to attract voters.

It is not difficult to understand why this social-cleavage approach to the study of electoral behaviour emerged in Europe and remained dominant for so many decades. To begin with, its origins in studies of voting behaviour based on ecological data (unavoidable, given the absence of survey data until the 1940s [Tingsten (1937) 1974; Goguel 1951]) led this approach to emphasize the importance of social-structural factors. Census data, combined with electoral returns within specific geographical districts, were widely available throughout the twentieth century, and these served as the basis of studies of voting behaviour based on ecological inferences.

In addition, we explore the varying relationships between fundamental attitudes towards democracy and preferences for specific parties. Sociopolitical Values The CNEP II has also gone beyond the original Columbia approach by including a systematic analysis of socio-political values that are believed to have a significant impact on electoral politics, particularly in the United States, where there has been considerable journalistic and popular discussion of the so-called ‘culture wars’. Culturally rooted values relating to seemingly non-political domains of social life (such as religious beliefs, attitudes towards individual initiative in the workplace, and towards the environment) have often been politicized in the course of partisan conflict.

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