By Alfred Schutz (auth.), I. Schutz (eds.)
Alfred Schutz committed his existence to a explanation of the foun dations of the social sciences. His first formula of the perti nent difficulties is contained in DER SINNHAFTE AUFBAu DER SOZIALEN WELT, EINE EINLEITUNG IN DIE VERSTEHENDE SOZIOLOGIE, now to be had in a moment unrevised German variation with an English translation in instruction. for the reason that I932, the date of this paintings, Alfred Schutz pursued painstaking and precise investigations of concerns which arose in reference to his early endeavors. those investigations have been initially released as a sequence of essays and monographs over a interval of approximately two decades and are actually assembled within the accrued PAPERS of which this can be the 3rd and ultimate quantity. They shape a unitary complete insofar as a typical center of difficulties and theoretical rules is gifted from various views. jointly DER SINNHAFTE AUFBAu DER SOZIALEN WELT and the 3 volumes of COL LECTED PAPERS set forth a entire and constant concept of the area of lifestyle because the fact with which the social sciences are primarily involved. Alfred Schutz was once getting ready a scientific presentation of his idea and of the result of his investigations into the struc tures of the realm of lifestyle while demise overtook him. The manuscript containing the ultimate assertion of his philosophical and sociological pondering was once now not thoroughly prepared for publi cation on the time of his demise. it truly is now being introduced into e-book shape via Professor Thomas Luckmann, certainly one of his former students.
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Extra resources for Collected Papers III: Studies in Phenomenological Philosophy
Either kind is fundamental for particular types of empirical sciences, the former for the sciences of material nature, the latter for the sciences of the psyche. 5 Why does Husserl predicate reality to both matter and psyche? The analogy is based upon a common ontological form. As the material thing is the unity of its qualities, so is the psyche the unity of the individual qualities such as character or gifts which are founded upon but not identical with the underlying sensorial faculties. These qualities are organized in a particular hierarchy; and this unity and nothing else is the psyche.
In any other respect they show important differences: (a) The material thing is constituted as the unity of sensorial schemata, which unity is nothing else than the unity of causal dependencies upon other material things. The psyche is a unity of the stream of consciousness as the life of an identical I, of a unity extended in time. It does not schematize itself; (b) Material things may, at least as a possibility, remain unchanged whereas psychological life is in a permanent flux; (c) A res extensa may be cut into pieces, the unity be divided into parts.
The method of phenomenological reduction, therefore, makes accessible the stream of consciousness in itself as a realm of its own in its absolutely unique nature. We 8 E. Husserl, Ideas: General Introduction to Pure Phenomenology, translated' by Boyce Gibson, § 36. 6 THE STREAM OF THOUGHT can experience it and describe its inner structure. This is the task of phenomenological psychology. Incidentally, we have to state that this science, to become aprioristic, cannot deal with "matters of fact" in the sense of Hume.