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Archibald Wavell: The Background, Strategies, Tactics and by Jon Diamond

By Jon Diamond

Osprey Command sequence #28

Archibald Wavell is still one of many nice Allied commanders of the early levels of worldwide warfare II. in reality, among June 1940 and June 1941, he was once the one British theatre commander actively attractive Axis forces. At a time whilst the British Expeditionary strength have been expelled from the eu continent and the house isles have been getting ready as top they can for the specter of a Nazi invasion, Wavell was once engaging in campaigns throughout 9 nations and elements of 2 continents. In these year, Wavell deliberate and without delay oversaw a large number of campaigns, from the highly profitable wintry weather campaigns opposed to the Italians within the Western desolate tract and the conquest of Italian East Africa, throughout the Iraqi insurrection, the invasion of Vichy Syria and Lebanon and the ill-fated British involvement in Greece to the unsuccessful makes an attempt to damage the siege of Tobruk that resulted in his alternative in June 1941. He then took command of all Allied forces within the Burma theatre, best the determined and doomed defence opposed to the japanese offensive. whereas Wavell's nice victories are frequently overshadowed through these of alternative commanders later within the conflict, this could now not detract from his confirmed skills as a strategist and tactician. This e-book tells the entire tale of Wavell's wartime exploits and examines his strengths and weaknesses as a commander.

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Additional resources for Archibald Wavell: The Background, Strategies, Tactics and Battlefield Experiences of the Greatest Commanders of History

Sample text

Wavell left Cairo for the desert and, in order to stem Rommel’s advance, he ordered O’Connor to leave Cairo to join General Neame, the British commander in Cyrenaica, as an advisor. Rommel’s intent was to cut the Cyrenaica bulge, the reverse of what O’Connor had achieved only weeks 1. 5 March, at Wingate’s 3rd Indian Division (Special Force) HQ at Lalaghat in India, a hastily arranged photoreconnaissance reveals teak logs stretched across the proposed Chindit air-landing field, ‘Piccadilly’. After a meeting, Wingate and his 77th Brigade commander, Brigadier Calvert, agreed that the glider landings scheduled for later that night should be diverted to another landing field, ‘Broadway’.

Assessing the methods and effectiveness of these officers provides a unique glimpse into the inner mechanics of Wavell’s mind. From a different perspective, which officer within the inner circle of either Rommel or Montgomery acquired the necessary support and then the limelight to exhibit their military talent? Despite Wavell’s personal attributes and devotion to military duty, he stands behind such figures as Rommel or Montgomery as a ‘consummate professional soldier’. ’ Wavell was no dilettante, but he lacked the single-minded purpose that drove contemporaries such as Rommel or Montgomery.

With the Italian threat to Egypt and Cyrenaica eliminated, the Defence Council prioritized Greece over the Western Desert. The strategy that Wavell suggested was the withdrawal of the entire Greek battle-line to a more compact front, to create a counterattacking reserve force. However, the Greek commander, General Papagos, disagreed with Wavell’s approach. On 6 April the Germans launched a broad assault throughout the Balkans. Wavell had committed the New Zealand Division under Maj. Gen. Bernard Freyberg to the Aliakmon Line under the overall command of General Wilson (W Force).

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